World Malaria Day (WMD) is an international observance commemorated every year on 25 April and recognizes global efforts to control malaria as follow bellow(WHO, 2018):
- Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable.
- In 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries, an increase of 5 million cases over 2015.
- Malaria deaths reached 445 000 in 2016, a similar number (446 000) to 2015.
- The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2016, the region was home to 90% of malaria cases and 91% of malaria deaths.
- Total funding for malaria control and elimination reached an estimated US$ 2.7 billion in 2016. Contributions from governments of endemic countries amounted to US$ 800 million, representing 31% of funding.
According the published paper at the International Journal of Phytocosmetics and Natural Ingredients, there are 86 plant species indicated by seringueiros and ribeirinhos for the treatment of malaria and for associated symptoms in the Regions of Rio Branco-Acre State and Southern Amazonas State – Brazil. The study examined wild and cultivated plants and 26 species were indicated exclusively for the treatment of malaria, of which two had no previous indication of use for that purpose. The authors highlighted the ten most cited and used by respondents living in the two regions. They are:
- quina-quina – Stenostomum acreanum (40),
- carapanaúba – Aspidosperma nitidum (39),
- Picão ou carrapicho-agulha- Bidens pilosa (29),
- Copaíba – Copaifera sp. (21),
- melão-de-são-caetano – Momordica charantia (19),
- quina-quina – Geissospermum reticulatum (16),
- Paracanaúba / carapanúba – Aspidosperma megaphyllum (14),
- Amor-Crescido/ Alecrim – Portulaca pilosa (11) species in test 2 (8)
- and picão-plantado – Leonotis nepetifolia (7).
The regions of Pauini and Xapuri have an important flora to prospect promising plants for new antimalarial drug, communities studied have a great knowledge about the forest and their members have used medicinal plants for malaria and its symptoms.
To download the full paper please access the International Journal of Phytocosmetics and Natural Ingredients website here. Or scan the image below.
Plants Used to Treat Malaria in the Regions of Rio Branco-Acre State and Southern Amazonas State – Brazil